Share information or offer advice to your peers by clicking here. 


Unit 4 - Demonstrate an awareness of health and safety guidelines



4.1 Summarise the health and safety issues associated with teaching and performing the movements.


Please listen to the Audio lesson below as you read through the study guide. 



For this section of the course you will be looking at health and safety from a general teaching point of view. If you go to the bottom of the page you'll find a H & S handout (as an attachment) that you can download. A Risk Assessment for Tai Chi is also available as an attachment for you to download. This will help your understanding of the 'risks' involved.

The health & safety issues can loosely be divided into 4 categories:

  • Environmental.
  • Resources and Equipment.
  • Performing.
  • Suitable Progression.

 If you have studied with us before and have covered this health & safety in another course, there is no reason why you can't use this information again. Remember that there will be slight differences though. Both the resources and equipment section, and the health and safety aspects that relate to performance, will require your attention.


Included here are a number of issues that directly relate to the room that you teach in. What you need to decide on is whether or not it is suitable. If not, why not and can you do anything to make it suitable? Start by making a list of things that spring to mind.

You need to keep your list focused on the layout, heating, lighting, type of flooring, ventilation, area that is available to work in (is it an empty space?)

Once you have made an initial list, start to think about things that are either good or bad about the room. If you are not teaching already you will need to come up with an imaginary room!


Resources and Equipment

If your clients are performing the movements seated, you will need to consider the chair as a piece of equipment that you use to carry out the movements. The Bang itself is the main piece of equipment that your learners/clients will be using, so you will need to consider this.

As an instructor you may be using music. This is not essential but it can help with providing for different learning styles and will aid relaxation. The main H & S issue here is the CD or music player that you use. Is it safe? Do you know about PAT testing? If not, before you go any further, you may want to carry out an internet search to find out more.

Where will you place your CD player? This is well worth consideration to ensure that it does not become a hazard when your learners are moving around the room.

Will you be using any other resources that could be a H & S problem?



Firstly - is your class suitable for the learners/clients who wish to attend?

You can check suitability by carrying out an initial or diagnostic assessment of your learner/client and the health consultation form will help provide for this. (If you do not use a PARQ form, a suitable Health consultation form can be found in the attachments at the bottom of the page).

Details on the form must be kept confidential between your client and you. Clients provide you with information regarding their health – are they diabetic, have they had any recent operations, do they have any muscular or skeletal problems etc. This information can then be used by you to help keep your clients safe. (If you are concerned about their health in relation to exercise then it is always best to refer the client to their GP or ask your supervisor or line manager for advice.)

 Most important is the part of the form that they are asked to sign. This ensures that you have taken all necessary precautions and have advised them to ask their GP or health professional if they or you are at all unsure about them attending your class. Remember that their health may change and unless they inform you of this you will not be able to advise them correctly.

 Now we can return to the actual movements. The main issue as regard to learners health and safety is correct knee/toe alignment. It is important that you are constantly aware of this issue. Remember that you should always be able to see the end of your big toe if you were to look down. Correct body alignment in general should be a continuing issue that you should work on with your learners as this will not only help to develop their practice, but help keep them safe. 



This is something that learners will require advice on. The great thing with Tai Chi Bang is that it helps to develop the correct hand and foot positions for all styles of Tai Chi, so once they are accomplished with this, they can easily move on to a traditional or health Tai Chi Form.

Progression for some may mean doing further work with this Form though - lower and wider movements help to develop leg strength.

The important thing to remember is that you may not be suitably trained or qualified to take your learners/clients further, so progression for them may well mean signposting them to another instructor.


On a final note you may want to think about any disabled learners in your class. Those in wheelchairs would be vulnerable if there was an incident of some kind. It is always good practice to appoint a 'buddy' from your group - someone who, in an emergency, could look after the wheelchair user, while you take care of the rest of the group.



You should now be ready to start your assignment for this unit

Handout - H & S issues.doc Handout - H & S issues.doc
Size : 0.083 Kb
Type : doc
Sample Health Consultation Form.doc Sample Health Consultation Form.doc
Size : 0.266 Kb
Type : doc
Risk assessment of Tai Chi Qigong.doc Risk assessment of Tai Chi Qigong.doc
Size : 0.037 Kb
Type : doc


Now you are ready to move onto the assignment for this Unit.